## SpatiaLite 2.3.0          SQL functions reference list

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### SQL math functions

Function Syntax Summary
Abs Abs( x Double precision ) : Double precision returns the absolute value of x
Acos Acos( x Double precision ) : Double precision returns the arc cosine of x, that is, the value whose cosine is x
returns NULL if x is not in the range -1 to 1
Asin Asin( x Double precision ) : Double precision returns the arc sine of x, that is, the value whose sine is x
returns NULL if x is not in the range -1 to 1
Atan Atan( x Double precision ) : Double precision returns the arc tangent of x, that is, the value whose tangent is x
Ceil
Ceiling
Ceil( x Double precision ) : Double precision
Ceiling( x Double precision ) : Double precision
returns the smallest integer value not less than x
Cos Cos( x Double precision ) : Double precision returns the cosine of x, where x is given in radians
Cot Cot( x Double precision ) : Double precision returns the cotangent of x, where x is given in radians
Degrees Degrees( x Double precision ) : Double precision returns the argument x, converted from radians to degrees
Exp Exp( x Double precision ) : Double precision returns the value of e (the base of natural logarithms) raised to the power of x
the inverse of this function is Log() (using a single argument only) or Ln()
Floor Floor( x Double precision ) : Double precision returns the largest integer value not greater than x
Ln
Log
Ln( x Double precision ) : Double precision
Log( x Double precision ) : Double precision
returns the natural logarithm of x; that is, the base-e logarithm of x
If x is less than or equal to 0, then NULL is returned
Log Log( b Double precision , x Double precision ) : Double precision returns the logarithm of x to the base b
If x is less than or equal to 0, or if b is less than or equal to 1, then NULL is returned
Log(b, x) is equivalent to Log(x) / Log(b)
Log2 Log2( x Double precision ) : Double precision returns the base-2 logarithm of x
Log2(x) is equivalent to Log(x) / Log(2)
Log10 Log10( x Double precision ) : Double precision returns the base-10 logarithm of x
Log10(x) is equivalent to Log(x) / Log(10)
PI PI( void ) : Double precision returns the value of PI
Pow
Power
Pow( x Double precision , y Double precision ) : Double precision
Power( x Double precision , y Double precision ) : Double precision
returns the value of x raised to the power of y
Radians Radians( x Double precision ) : Double precision returns the argument x, converted from degrees to radians
Round Round( x Double precision ) : Double precision returns the integer value nearest to x
Sign Sign( x Double precision ) : Double precision returns the sign of the argument as -1, 0, or 1, depending on whether x is negative, zero, or positive.
Sin Sin( x Double precision ) : Double precision returns the sine of x, where x is given in radians
Sqrt Sqrt( x Double precision ) : Double precision returns the square root of a non-negative number x
Stddev_pop Stddev_pop( x Double precision ) : Double precision returns the population standard deviation of the input values
aggregate function
Stddev_samp Stddev_samp( x Double precision ) : Double precision returns the sample standard deviation of the input values
aggregate function
Tan Tan( x Double precision ) : Double precision returns the tangent of x, where x is given in radians
Var_pop Var_pop( x Double precision ) : Double precision returns the population variance of the input values (square of the population standard deviation)
aggregate function
Var_samp Var_samp( x Double precision ) : Double precision returns the sample variance of the input values (square of the sample standard deviation)
aggregate function

### SQL utility functions for BLOB objects

Function Syntax Summary
IsZipBlob IsZipBlob( content BLOB ) : Integer The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL or not-BLOB argument.
TRUE if this BLOB object corresponds to a valid ZIP-compressed file
IsPdfBlob IsPdfBlob( content BLOB ) : Integer The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL or not-BLOB argument.
TRUE if this BLOB object corresponds to a valid PDF document
IsGifBlob IsGifBlob( image BLOB ) : Integer The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL or not-BLOB argument.
TRUE if this BLOB object corresponds to a valid GIF image
IsPngBlob IsPngBlob( image BLOB ) : Integer The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL or not-BLOB argument.
TRUE if this BLOB object corresponds to a valid PNG image
IsJpegBlob IsJpegBlob( image BLOB ) : Integer The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL or not-BLOB argument.
TRUE if this BLOB object corresponds to a valid JPEG image
IsExifBlob IsExifBlob( image BLOB ) : Integer The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL or not-BLOB argument.
TRUE if this BLOB object corresponds to a valid EXIF image
Please note: any valid EXIF image is a valid JPEG as well
IsExifGpsBlob IsExifGpsBlob( image BLOB ) : Integer The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL or not-BLOB argument.
TRUE if this BLOB object corresponds to a valid EXIF-GPS image
Please note: any valid EXIF-GPS image is a valid EXIF and JPEG as well

### SQL utility functions [non-standard] for geometric objects

Function Syntax OpenGis
defined
SpatiaLite
base
PROJ
included
GEOS
included
Summary
GeomFromExifGpsBlob GeomFromExifGpsBlob( image BLOB ) : Geometry X X X a POINT Geometry will be returned representing the GPS long/lat contained within EXIF-GPS metadata for the BLOB image
NULL will be returned if for any reason it's not possible to build such a POINT
MakePoint MakePoint( x Double precision , y Double precision , [ , SRID Integer] ) : Geometry X X X a Geometry will be returned representing the POINT defined by [x y] coordinates
BuildMbr BuildMbr( x1 Double precision , y1 Double precision , x2 Double precision , y2 Double precision [ , SRID Integer] ) : Geometry X X X [x1 y1] and [x2 y2] are assumed to be Points identifying a line segment; then a Geometry will be returned representing the MBR for this line segment
BuildCircleMbr BuildCircleMbr( x Double precision , y Double precision , radius Double precision [ , SRID Integer] ) : Geometry X X X [x y] is assumed to be the center of a circle of given radius; then a Geometry will be returned representing the MBR for this circle
MbrMinX MbrMinX( geom Geometry) : Double precision X X X return the x-coordinate for geom MBR's leftmost side as a double precision number
MbrMinY MbrMinY( geom Geometry) : Double precision X X X return the y-coordinate for geom MBR's lowermost side as a double precision number
MbrMaxX MbrMaxX( geom Geometry) : Double precision X X X return the x-coordinate for geom MBR's rightmost side as a double precision number
MbrMaxY MbrMaxY( geom Geometry) : Double precision X X X return the y-coordinate for geom MBR's uppermost side as a double precision number

### SQL functions for constructing a geometric object given its Well-known Text Representation

Function Syntax OpenGis
defined
SpatiaLite
base
PROJ
included
GEOS
included
Summary
GeomFromText GeomFromText( wkt String [ , SRID Integer] ) : Geometry X X X X construct a geometric object given its Well-known text Representation
PointFromText PointFromText( wktPoint String [ , SRID Integer] ) : Point X X X X construct a Point
LineFromText
LineStringFromText
LineFromText( wktLineString String [ , SRID Integer] ) : Linestring
LineStringFromText( wktLineString String [ , SRID Integer] ) : Linestring
X X X X construct a Linestring
PolyFromText
PolygonFromText
PolyFromText( wktPolygon String [ , SRID Integer] ) : Polygon
PolygonFromText( wktPolygon String [ , SRID Integer] ) : Polygon
X X X X construct a Polygon
MPointFromText
MultiPointFromText
MPointFromText( wktMultiPoint String [ , SRID Integer] ) : MultiPoint
MultiPointFromText( wktMultiPoint String [ , SRID Integer] ) : MultiPoint
X X X X construct a MultiPoint
MLineFromText
MultiLineStringFromText
MLineFromText( wktMultiLineString String [ , SRID Integer] ) : MultiLinestring
MultiLineStringFromText( wktMultiLineString String [ , SRID Integer] ) : MultiLinestring
X X X X construct a MultiLinestring
MPolyFromText
MultiPolygonFromText
MPolyFromText( wktMultiPolygon String [ , SRID Integer] ) : MultiPolygon
MultiPolygonFromText( wktMultiPolygon String [ , SRID Integer] ) : MultiPolygon
X X X X construct a MultiPolygon
GeomCollFromText
GeometryCollectionFromText
GeomCollFromText( wktGeometryCollection String [ , SRID Integer] ) : GeometryCollection
GeometryCollectionFromText( wktGeometryCollection String [ , SRID Integer] ) : GeometryCollection
X X X X construct a GeometryCollection

### SQL functions for constructing a geometric object given its Well-known Binary Representation

Function Syntax OpenGis
defined
SpatiaLite
base
PROJ
included
GEOS
included
Summary
GeomFromWKB GeomFromWKB( wkbGeometry Binary [ , SRID Integer] ) : Geometry X X X X construct a geometric object given its Well-known binary Representation
PointFromWKB PointFromWKB( wkbPoint Binary [ , SRID Integer] ) : Point X X X X construct a Point
LineFromWKB
LineStringFromWKB
LineFromWKB( wkbLineString Binary [ , SRID Integer] ) : Linestring
LineStringFromText( wkbLineString Binary [ , SRID Integer] ) : Linestring
X X X X construct a Linestring
PolyFromWKB
PolygonFromWKB
PolyFromWKB( wkbPolygon Binary [ , SRID Integer] ) : Polygon
PolygonFromWKB( wkbPolygon Binary [ , SRID Integer] ) : Polygon
X X X X construct a Polygon
MPointFromWKB
MultiPointFromWKB
MPointFromWKB( wkbMultiPoint Binary [ , SRID Integer] ) : MultiPoint
MultiPointFromWKB( wkbMultiPoint Binary [ , SRID Integer] ) : MultiPoint
X X X X construct a MultiPoint
MLineFromWKB
MultiLineStringFromWKB
MLineFromWKB( wkbMultiLineString Binary [ , SRID Integer] ) : MultiLinestring
MultiLineStringFromWKB( wkbMultiLineString Binary [ , SRID Integer] ) : MultiLinestring
X X X X construct a MultiLinestring
MPolyFromWKB
MultiPolygonFromWKB
MPolyFromWKB( wkbMultiPolygon Binary [ , SRID Integer] ) : MultiPolygon
MultiPolygonFromWKB( wkbMultiPolygon Binary [ , SRID Integer] ) : MultiPolygon
X X X X construct a MultiPolygon
GeomCollFromWKB
GeometryCollectionFromWKB
GeomCollFromWKB( wkbGeometryCollection Binary [ , SRID Integer] ) : GeometryCollection
GeometryCollectionFromWKB( wkbGeometryCollection Binary [ , SRID Integer] ) : GeometryCollection
X X X X construct a GeometryCollection

### SQL functions for obtaining the Well-known Text / Well-known Binary Representation of a geometric object

Function Syntax OpenGis
defined
SpatiaLite
base
PROJ
included
GEOS
included
Summary
AsText AsText( geom Geometry ) : String X X X X returns the Well-known Text representation
AsBinary AsBinary( geom Geometry ) : Binary X X X X returns the Well-known Binary representation

### SQL functions supporting exotic geometric formats

Function Syntax OpenGis
defined
SpatiaLite
base
PROJ
included
GEOS
included
Summary
AsSVG AsSVG( geom Geometry [ , relative Integer [ , precision Integer ] ] ) : String X X X returns the SVG [Scalable Vector Graphics] representation
AsFGF AsFGF( geom Geometry ) : Binary X X X returns the FGF [FDO Geometry Binary Format] representation
GeomFromFGF GeomFromFGF( fgfGeometry Binary [ , SRID Integer] ) : Geometry X X X construct a geometric object given its FGF binary Representation

### SQL functions on type Geometry

Function Syntax OpenGis
defined
SpatiaLite
base
PROJ
included
GEOS
included
Summary
Dimension Dimension( geom Geometry ) : Integer X X X X returns the dimension of the geometric object, which is less than or equal to the dimension of the coordinate space
GeometryType GeometryType( geom Geometry ) : String X X X X returns the name of the instantiable subtype of Geometry of which this geometric object is a member, as a string
SRID SRID( geom Geometry ) : Integer X X X X returns the Spatial Reference System ID for this geometric object
SetSRID SetSRID( geom Geometry , SRID Integer ) : Integer X X X directly sets the Spatial Reference System ID for this geometric object [no reprojection is applied]
The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL arguments.
IsEmpty IsEmpty( geom Geometry ) : Integer X X X X The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL arguments.
TRUE if this geometric object corresponds to the empty set
IsSimple IsSimple( geom Geometry ) : Integer X X The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL arguments.
TRUE if this geometric object is simple, as defined in the Geometry Model
IsValid IsValid( geom Geometry ) : Integer X The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL arguments.
TRUE if this geometric object does not contains any topological error
Boundary Boundary( geom Geometry ) : Geometry X X returns a geometric object that is the combinatorial boundary of g as defined in the Geometry Model
Envelope Envelope( geom Geometry ) : Geometry X X X X returns the rectangle bounding g as a Polygon. The Polygon is defined by the corner points of the bounding box [(MINX, MINY),(MAXX, MINY), (MAXX, MAXY), (MINX, MAXY), (MINX, MINY)].

### SQL functions on type Point

Function Syntax OpenGis
defined
SpatiaLite
base
PROJ
included
GEOS
included
Summary
X X( pt Point ) : Double precision X X X X return the x-coordinate of Point p as a double precision number
Y T( pt Point ) : Double precision X X X X return the y-coordinate of Point p as a double precision number

### SQL functions on type Curve [Linestring or Ring]

Function Syntax OpenGis
defined
SpatiaLite
base
PROJ
included
GEOS
included
Summary
StartPoint StartPoint( c Curve ) : Point X X X X return a Point containing the first Point of c
EndPoint EndPoint( c Curve ) : Point X X X X return a Point containing the last Point of c
GLength GLength( c Curve ) : Double precision
 OpenGis name for this function is Length(), but it conflicts with an SQLite reserved keyword
X X return the length of c
IsClosed IsClosed( c Curve ) : Integer X X X X The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL arguments;
return TRUE if c is closed, i.e., if StartPoint(c) = EndPoint(c)
IsRing IsRing( c Curve ) : Integer X X The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL arguments.
return TRUE if c is a ring, i.e., if c is closed and simple. A simple Curve does not pass through the same Point more than once.
Simplify Simplify( c Curve , tolerance Double precision ) : Curve X return a geometric object representing a simplified version of c applying the Douglas-Peukert algorithm with given tolerance
SimplifyPreserveTopology Simplify( c Curve , tolerance Double precision ) : Curve X return a geometric object representing a simplified version of c applying the Douglas-Peukert algorithm with given tolerance and respecting topology

### SQL functions on type LineString

Function Syntax OpenGis
defined
SpatiaLite
base
PROJ
included
GEOS
included
Summary
NumPoints NumPoints( line LineString ) : Integer X X X X return the number of Points in the LineString
PointN PointN( line LineString , n Integer ) : Point X X X X return a Point containing Point n of line

### SQL functions on type Surface [Polygon or Ring]

Function Syntax OpenGis
defined
SpatiaLite
base
PROJ
included
GEOS
included
Summary
Centroid Centroid( s Surface ) : Point X X return the centroid of s, which may lie outside s
PointOnSurface PointOnSurface( s Surface ) : Point X X return a Point guaranteed to lie on the Surface
Area Area( s Surface ) : Double precision X X return the area of s

### SQL functions on type Polygon

Function Syntax OpenGis
defined
SpatiaLite
base
PROJ
included
GEOS
included
Summary
ExteriorRing ExteriorRing( polyg Polygon ) : LineString X X X X return the exteriorRing of p
NumInteriorRing
NumInteriorRings
NumInteriorRing( polyg Polygon ) : Integer
NumInteriorRings( polyg Polygon ) : Integer
X X X X return the number of interiorRings
InteriorRingN InteriorRingN( polyg Polygon , n Integer ) : LineString X X X X return the nth interiorRing. The order of Rings is not geometrically significant.

### SQL functions on type GeomCollection

Function Syntax OpenGis
defined
SpatiaLite
base
PROJ
included
GEOS
included
Summary
NumGeometries NumGeometries( geom GeomCollection ) : Integer X X X X return the number of interiorRings
GeometryN GeometryN( geom GeomCollection , n Integer ) : Geometry X X X X return the nth geometric object in the collection. The order of the elements in the collection is not geometrically significant.

### SQL functions that test approximative spatial relationships via MBRs

Function Syntax OpenGis
defined
SpatiaLite
base
PROJ
included
GEOS
included
Summary
MbrEqual MbrEqual( geom1 Geometry , geom2 Geometry ) : Integer X X X The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL arguments.
TRUE if g1 and g2 have equal MBRs
MbrDisjoint MbrDisjoint( geom1 Geometry , geom2 Geometry ) : Integer X X X The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL arguments.
TRUE if the intersection of g1 and g2 MBRs is the empty set
MbrTouches MbrTouches( geom1 Geometry , geom2 Geometry ) : Integer X X X The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL arguments.
TRUE if the only Points in common between g1 and g2 MBRs lie in the union of the boundaries of g1 and g2
MbrWithin MbrWithin( geom1 Geometry , geom2 Geometry ) : Integer X X X The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL arguments.
TRUE if g1 MBR is completely contained in g2 MBR
MbrOverlaps MbrOverlaps( geom1 Geometry , geom2 Geometry ) : Integer X X X The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL arguments.
TRUE if the intersection of g1 and g2 MBRs results in a value of the same dimension as g1 and g2 that is different from both g1 and g2
MbrIntersects MbrIntersects( geom1 Geometry , geom2 Geometry ) : Integer X X X The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL arguments;
convenience predicate: TRUE if the intersection of g1 and g2 MBRs is not empty
MbrContains MbrContains( geom1 Geometry , geom2 Geometry ) : Integer X X X The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL arguments;
convenience predicate: TRUE if g2 MBR is completely contained in g1 MBR

### SQL functions that test spatial relationships

Function Syntax OpenGis
defined
SpatiaLite
base
PROJ
included
GEOS
included
Summary
Equals Equals( geom1 Geometry , geom2 Geometry ) : Integer X X The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL arguments.
TRUE if g1 and g2 are equal
Disjoint Disjoint( geom1 Geometry , geom2 Geometry ) : Integer X X The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL arguments.
TRUE if the intersection of g1 and g2 is the empty set
Touches Touches( geom1 Geometry , geom2 Geometry ) : Integer X X The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL arguments.
TRUE if the only Points in common between g1 and g2 lie in the union of the boundaries of g1 and g2
Within Within( geom1 Geometry , geom2 Geometry ) : Integer X X The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL arguments.
TRUE if g1 is completely contained in g2
Overlaps Overlaps( geom1 Geometry , geom2 Geometry ) : Integer X X The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL arguments.
TRUE if the intersection of g1 and g2 results in a value of the same dimension as g1 and g2 that is different from both g1 and g2
Crosses Crosses( geom1 Geometry , geom2 Geometry ) : Integer X X The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL arguments.
TRUE if the intersection of g1 and g2 results in a value whose dimension is less than the maximum dimension of g1 and g2 and the intersection value includes Points interior to both g1 and g2, and the intersection value is not equal to either g1 or g2
Intersects Intersects( geom1 Geometry , geom2 Geometry ) : Integer X X The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL arguments;
convenience predicate: TRUE if the intersection of g1 and g2 is not empty
Contains Contains( geom1 Geometry , geom2 Geometry ) : Integer X X The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL arguments;
convenience predicate: TRUE if g2 is completely contained in g1
Relate Relate( geom1 Geometry , geom2 Geometry , patternMatrix String ) : Integer X X The return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE, 0 for FALSE, and –1 for UNKNOWN corresponding to a function invocation on NULL arguments;
returns TRUE if the spatial relationship specified by the patternMatrix holds

### SQL functions for distance relationships

Function Syntax OpenGis
defined
SpatiaLite
base
PROJ
included
GEOS
included
Summary
Distance Distance( geom1 Geometry , geom2 Geometry ) : Double precision X X return the distance between geom1 and geom2

### SQL functions that implement spatial operators

Function Syntax OpenGis
defined
SpatiaLite
base
PROJ
included
GEOS
included
Summary
Intersection Intersection( geom1 Geometry , geom2 Geometry ) : Geometry X X return a geometric object that is the intersection of geometric objects geom1 and geom2
Difference Difference( geom1 Geometry , geom2 Geometry ) : Geometry X X return a geometric object that is the closure of the set difference of geom1 and geom2
GUnion GUnion( geom1 Geometry , geom2 Geometry ) : Geometry
 OpenGis name for this function is Union(), but it conflicts with an SQLite reserved keyword
X X return a geometric object that is the set union of geom1 and geom2
GUnion GUnion( geom Geometry ) : Geometry X X return a geometric object that is the set union of input values aggregate function
SymDifference SymDifference( geom1 Geometry , geom2 Geometry ) : Geometry X X return a geometric object that is the closure of the set symmetric difference of geom1 and geom2 (logical XOR of space)
Buffer Buffer( geom Geometry , dist Double precision ) : Geometry X X return a geometric object defined by buffering a distance d around geom, where dist is in the distance units for the Spatial Reference of geom
ConvexHull ConvexHull( geom Geometry ) : Geometry X X return a geometric object that is the convex hull of geom

### SQL functions for coordinate transformations

Function Syntax OpenGis
defined
SpatiaLite
base
PROJ
included
GEOS
included
Summary
Transform Transform( geom Geometry , newSRID Integer ) : Geometry X return a geometric object obtained by reprojecting coordinates into the Reference System identified by newSRID
ShiftCoords
ShiftCoordinates
ShiftCoords( geom Geometry , shiftX Double precision , shiftY Double precision ) : Geometry
ShiftCoordinates( geom Geometry , shiftX Double precision , shiftY Double precision ) : Geometry
X X X return a geometric object obtained by translating coordinates according to shiftX and shiftY values
ScaleCoords
ScaleCoordinates
ScaleCoords( geom Geometry , scaleX Double precision [ , scaleY Double precision ] ) : Geometry
ScaleCoordinates( geom Geometry , scaleX Double precision [ , scaleY Double precision ] ) : Geometry
X X X return a geometric object obtained by scaling coordinates according to scaleX and scaleY values
if only one scale factor is specified, then an isotropic scaling occurs [i.e. the same scale factor is applied to both axis]
otherwise an anisotropic scaling occurs [i.e. each axis is scaled according to its own scale factor]
RotateCoords
RotateCoordinates
RotateCoords( geom Geometry , angleInDegrees Double precision ) : Geometry
RotateCoordinates( geom Geometry , angleInDegrees Double precision ) : Geometry
X X X return a geometric object obtained by rotating coordinates according to angleInDegrees value
ReflectCoords
ReflectCoordinates
ReflectCoords( geom Geometry , xAxis Integer , yAxis Integer ) : Geometry
ReflectCoordinates( geom Geometry , xAxis Integer , yAxis Integer ) : Geometry
X X X return a geometric object obtained by reflecting coordinates according to xAxis and yAxis switches
i.e. if xAxis is 0 (FALSE), then x-coordinates remains untouched; otherwise x-coordinates will be reflected
SwapCoords
SwapCoordinates
SwapCoords( geom Geometry ) : Geometry
SwapCoordinates( geom Geometry ) : Geometry
X X X return a geometric object obtained by swapping x- and y-coordinates

### SQL functions for Spatial-MetaData and Spatial-Index handling

Function Syntax OpenGis
defined
SpatiaLite
base
PROJ
included
GEOS
included
Summary
the return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE or 0 for FALSE
direct invocation of these function is discouraged; you have to run the init_spatialite.sql script in order to fully initialize the Spatial MetaData tables
AddGeometryColumn AddGeometryColumn( table String , column String , srid Integer , geom_type String , dimension Integer [ , not_null Integer ] ) : Integer X X X X Creates a new geometry column updating the Spatial Metadata tables and creating any required trigger in order to enforce constraints
geom_type has to be one of the followings:
• 'POINT'
• 'LINESTRING'
• 'POLYGON'
• 'MULTIPOINT'
• 'MULTILINESTRING'
• 'MULTIPOLYGON'
• 'GEOMETRYCOLLECTION'
dimension has to be always 2, because current SpatiaLite version only supports 2D
the return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE or 0 for FALSE
the optional 6th arg [not_null] is a non-standard extension required by the peculiar SQLite arch:
• if set to 0 [false], then the Geometry column will accept NULL values as well. This is the default behaviour
• if set to any <> 0 value [true], then the Geometry will be defined using a NOT NULL clause
RecoverGeometryColumn RecoverGeometryColumn( table String , column String , srid Integer , geom_type String , dimension Integer ) : Integer X X X Validates an existing ordinary column in order to possibly transform it in a real geometry column, thus updating the Spatial Metadata tables and creating any required trigger in order to enforce constraints
the return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE or 0 for FALSE
DiscardGeometryColumn DiscardGeometryColumn( table String , column String ) : Integer X X X Removes a geometry column from Spatial MetaData tables and drops any related trigger
the column itself still continues to exist untouched as an ordinary, unconstrained column
the return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE or 0 for FALSE
CreateSpatialIndex CreateSpatialIndex( table String , column String ) : Integer X X X Builds an RTree Spatial Index on a geometry column, creating any required trigger required in order to enforce full data coherency between the main table and Spatial Index
the return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE or 0 for FALSE
CreateMbrCache CreateMbrCache( table String , column String ) : Integer X X X Builds an MbrCache on a geometry column, creating any required trigger required in order to enforce full data coherency between the main table and the MbrCache
the return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE or 0 for FALSE
DisableSpatialIndex DisableSpatialIndex( table String , column String ) : Integer X X X Disables an RTree Spatial Index or MbrCache, removing any related trigger
the return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE or 0 for FALSE

### SQL functions implementing FDO/OGR compatibily

Function Syntax OpenGis
defined
SpatiaLite
base
PROJ
included
GEOS
included
Summary
• 0 - if geometry_columns and spatial_ref_sys tables does not exists
• 1 - if both tables exist, and their layout is the one used by SpatiaLite
• 2 - if both tables exist, and their layout is the one used by FDO/OGR
AutoFDOStart AutoFDOStart( void ) : Integer X X X This function will inspect the Spatial Metadata, then automatically creating/refreshing a VirtualFDO wrapper for each FDO/OGR geometry table
the return type is Integer [how many VirtualFDO tables have been created]
AutoFDOStop AutoFDOStop( void ) : Integer X X X This function will inspect the Spatial Metadata, then automatically destroying any VirtualFDO wrapper found
the return type is Integer [how many VirtualFDO tables have been destroyed]
the return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE or 0 for FALSE
Please note: Spatial Metadata created using this function will have the FDO/OGR layout, and not the SpatiaLite's own
AddFDOGeometryColumn AddFDOGeometryColumn( table String , column String , srid Integer , geom_type Integer , dimension Integer, geometry_format String ) : Integer X X X Creates a new geometry column updating the FDO/OGR Spatial Metadata tables
geom_type has to be one of the followings:
• 1 POINT
• 2 LINESTRING
• 3 POLYGON
• 4 MULTIPOINT
• 5 MULTILINESTRING
• 6 MULTIPOLYGON
• 7 GEOMETRYCOLLECTION
dimension may be 2, 3 or 4, accordingly to OGR/FDO specs
geometry_format has to be one of the followings:
• 'WBT'
• 'WKT'
• 'FGF'

the return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE or 0 for FALSE
RecoverFDOGeometryColumn RecoverFDOGeometryColumn( table String , column String , srid Integer , geom_type String , dimension Integer, geometry_format String ) : Integer X X X Validates an existing ordinary column in order to possibly transform it in a real geometry column, thus updating the FDO/OGR Spatial Metadata tables
the return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE or 0 for FALSE
DiscardFDOGeometryColumn DiscardFDOGeometryColumn( table String , column String ) : Integer X X X Removes a geometry column from FDO/OGR Spatial MetaData tables
the column itself still continues to exist untouched as an ordinary column
the return type is Integer, with a return value of 1 for TRUE or 0 for FALSE

### SQL functions for MbrCache-based queries

Function Syntax OpenGis
defined
SpatiaLite
base
PROJ
included
GEOS
included
Summary
FilterMbrWithin FilterMbrWithin( x1 Double precision , y1 Double precision , x2 Double precision , y2 Double precision ) X X X Retrieves from an MbrCache any entity whose MBR falls within the rectangle identified by extreme points x1 y1 and x2 y2
FilterMbrContains FilterMbrContains( x1 Double precision , y1 Double precision , x2 Double precision , y2 Double precision ) X X X Retrieves from an MbrCache any entity whose MBR contains the rectangle identified by extreme points x1 y1 and x2 y2
FilterMbrIntersects FilterMbrIntersects( x1 Double precision , y1 Double precision , x2 Double precision , y2 Double precision ) X X X Retrieves from an MbrCache any entity whose MBR intersects the rectangle identified by extreme points x1 y1 and x2 y2
BuildMbrFilter BuildMbrFilter( x1 Double precision , y1 Double precision , x2 Double precision , y2 Double precision ) X X X Creates an MBR identified by extreme points x1 y1 and x2 y2
This fuction is used internally by triggers related to MbrCache management, and is not intended for any other usage
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